The Transnational Center for Sustainable Peace develops three lines of action. First, the Establishment and Consolidation of Democratic Regimes focuses on the study of the norms that allow the peaceful resolution of conflicts and seeks to study the effectiveness of inherent rights in democratic contexts, as well as any elements related to the frames of political representation and citizen participation, and the right to information, among others. Second, sustainable peace is given based on the successful implementation of democratic standards, so the Reinforcement of the Rule of Law, especially with regard to respect for human rights and the fair implementation of the rules of the game, is fundamental. The study of “institutional gaps” caused by the dispute between the State and non-state actors for territorial control and other factors that hamper the sustainability of peace, is equally important. Third, the Promotion of a Culture of Peace focus, unlike the above lines, in processes of social change “from below” aimed to strengthen values, attitudes, and behaviors of respect for life, human beings, and their dignity.
Three transverse axes of action cross these lines of action. On one hand, the human rights approach provides a conceptual framework for understanding the causes of their respect or disrespect, empowering individuals to claim them and put pressure on those who have responsibility to protect them, under the current international regulations. On the other hand, gender equality is a central element of the human rights approach, condemning and eliminating forms of discrimination based on sex and sexual preferences. Finally, sustainable peace is neither the product of theoretical and abstract studies, nor of practical interventions isolated from more general reflections, but from the bridge that is built between them. One of the current challenges is to execute ideas that deliver real and efficient solutions, translating research into policy recommendations in cooperation programs (for NGOs), and in the form of other products with real and measurable impact.